Even when a person in childhood boasted of snow-white and even teeth, their appearance can deteriorate significantly over time. Why this happens is no secret to anyone – malnutrition, bad habits, mechanical injuries, and much more.
Veneers are a modern method of micro-prosthetics, the purpose of which is to restore the aesthetics of teeth. Aesthetics teeth can be broken for various reasons – a chip or crack in the enamel, a change in the teeth’ color, small gaps in the row, or even a slight curvature.
Veneers are thin shells for teeth. They exactly repeat the anatomical shape of the frontal surface of the tooth and also have a small ledge that will cover the cutting edge – in this way, the overlay holds better, and the aesthetics are restored better.
Veneers are rapidly gaining popularity these days. Preference is given to a more affordable method of prosthetics – the installation of composite veneers, moreover, by the direct method, when the material is applied in layers in just one visit.
Porcelain veneers and lumineers correct tooth defects, protect teeth from bacteria and caries, and reduce enamel hypersensitivity. They restore the aesthetics of the teeth without the need for alignment and whitening procedures.
But there are also contraindications – this is too thin tooth enamel, severe malocclusion, bruxism or teeth grinding, old fillings, caries, and traumatic sports.
Composite veneers are made from composite materials that harden under the influence of a light lamp. They are installed in one visit directly; the material is applied directly to the teeth and designed to hide defects such as chips, enamel cracks, and gaps between teeth. They serve five years or more.
Porcelain veneers are created from ordinary or pressed ceramics according to casts taken in advance from the teeth. Indications for their use are almost all the problems that were listed above. Allow to achieve the highest aesthetics and serve for more than ten years.
Zirconium veneers are also created from thin zirconium by an indirect method. Designed to change the shade of enamel and the position of teeth, hide chips and cracks, and is made individually for the patient, which allows you to achieve ideal positioning on the teeth. They will last 10-20 years or more.
Lumineers are thinner overlays — their difference from ceramic or porcelain veneers in the composition of the material. There is no need to grind the tooth – the lining is thinner, and a special composite design is used. It provides not only fixation of lumineers but also gives them a natural clarity – thanks to this, and the overlays look more aesthetically pleasing. Their other name is “Hollywood Veneers.”
Veneers and lumineers have certain disadvantages. For example, composite overlays require regular polishing and last about 3-5 years, losing a little aesthetics over time. Porcelain veneers usually require grinding down some of the enamel to better adhere to the teeth.
As for lumineers, they are aesthetic, incredibly durable, and, in scarce situations, require turning the teeth. However, their price is high, especially given that they will have to be fixed only on the group of front teeth.
To begin with, the patient undergoes the preparation of their own teeth. Carious formations are necessarily removed, plaque and hard stone are removed, and if necessary, teeth are whitened – if the veneer is installed on 1-2 teeth,
If necessary, the doctor grinds the tooth a little – this is required to level the surface and create roughness to fix the linings better. In addition, veneers have a certain thickness, and it is necessary to ensure that the renewed teeth do not seem too massive to the patient.
Next, the casts are taken. During permanent onlays, temporary dentures made of plastic or composite are installed, hiding the unaesthetic appearance and protecting the teeth from destruction.
The doctor fixes the finished pads on a temporary paste so the patient can evaluate the final result. After – already on a permanent adhesive composition.
Caring for teeth with veneers does not involve any special procedures. It is enough to brush your teeth regularly, including rinsing your mouth after each meal; it is recommended to use an irrigator. Flossing must be used carefully – excessive pressure can peel off the installed veneer.
It is also essential to reduce the load on the renewed teeth – you should not bite off hard vegetables and fruits with them or gnaw on seeds. With care, veneers and lumineers will last for decades without needing adjustments.
Contraindications for veneers:
The irreversibility of the procedure – before attaching the plate, a thin layer of enamel is removed from the tooth. This layer will not recover, so you can not change your mind after gluing the veneers. Before and after grinding, the sensitivity of the teeth is very different. Therefore, if the veneers become unusable, they must be replaced.
On the other hand, veneers are a conservative restoration method to restore the surface of a tooth if it is broken, chipped, or discolored or to help straighten teeth slightly. Dental implants are securely placed in the jawbone and are the best solution in modern dentistry for replacing teeth.
After removing a reasonably large layer of enamel from a tooth, it will finally lose its appearance, which cannot be restored.
An innovation has appeared, thanks to which you can painlessly and quickly get the smile of your dreams. Lumineers will quickly make your smile perfect. And you don’t have to fight your fear of pain, anxiety about injections, drilling, and discomfort.
Analogs of veneers: lumineers, components, ultrarunners, nanometers.
Differences from veneers: material, thickness, manufacturing method, method of attachment to the teeth.