Periodontal surgery is one of the methods in the complex treatment and prevention of periodontal diseases. In many cases, it is a surgical intervention that can eliminate inflammatory processes in periodontal tissues and destructive processes in the alveolar bone.
Periodontal surgery is needed if a disease such as periodontitis has passed into an advanced stage and one will lose a tooth. Periodontal surgery also performs a therapeutic function and stabilizes the patient’s condition before starting reconstructive operations.
Among other things, periodontal surgery is designed to improve the aesthetics of the gums. Indeed, for a dazzling smile, healthy snow-white teeth and a healthy periodontium are essential.
Usually, periodontal surgery is applied after conservative treatment. If the doctor determines the low effectiveness of such treatment or, after examining the periodontium, sees the disease in an advanced stage, possible tooth loss and the presence of gingival and bone pockets.
Also, periodontal surgery can restore the gums’ aesthetics or normalize their condition before other operations.
Some human diseases can make periodontal surgery impossible, such as infectious diseases, osteoporosis, tuberculosis, oncology, diabetes, etc.
Periodontitis is a complex inflammatory disease in which the gum tissue is damaged and destroyed surrounding the teeth. Signs of the disease are inflammation of the gums, bleeding, increased deposits on the teeth, and bad breath.
If periodontitis treatment is not started in time, plaque will reach below the level of the necks of the teeth, forming pathological gum pockets. In these pockets, the waste products of pathogenic bacteria will continue accumulating and infect the gums and even the roots of the teeth.
The first signs of periodontitis are easy to notice for yourself. Periodontitis brings significant discomfort: pain, and loss of teeth. If redness, inflammation, or bleeding of the gums occurs, you should immediately consult a periodontist.
Periodontal surgery operations can be conditionally divided into three types: the formation of the vestibule of the oral cavity, the elimination of pathologies of periodontal pockets, and their removal. For each of the types, several methods can be distinguished.
A variety of methods of periodontal surgery allows you to select the most effective for a particular case of the disease, taking into account the individual characteristics of the human body. Different methods are used depending on the specific purpose.
If the depth of the periodontal pocket exceeds 5 mm, while the norm is 2-3 mm, an operation to reduce the pocket is necessary. So the tooth gets an improved fastening.
Gingivectomy is the removal of these most redundant tissues. A gingivectomy is performed when a part of the gum grows and traps the tooth. This complicates oral hygiene, and removing dental deposits and disturbing aesthetics becomes more difficult.
Gingivoplasty is a reverse procedure where the gums are thinned, and the necks of the teeth are exposed. This unpleasant disease can occur even in children, leading to an aesthetic defect. In this case, periodontal surgery offers soft tissue grafting, for example, from the palate. As a result, the contours of the gums are normalized.
The duration of the recovery period after periodontal surgery, as in other types of operations, depends on the state of immunity and the presence of other diseases in the patient, the volume of surgical intervention. It also depends on the quality of preparation for periodontal surgery and the need for precise patient compliance with medical recommendations.
Usually, the recovery process takes 7-10 days and requires the patient’s responsible approach to the doctor’s recommendations. During the recovery period after periodontal surgery, daily habits also require correction – oral hygiene, sports and outdoor activities, food, and the complete exclusion of smoking and alcohol.
Periodontal surgery is indispensable for various forms of the disease, and in some cases, its use may be necessary quickly.
The Aesthetical Dental Medical Center specialists have a comprehensive approach to treatment, starting with a detailed study, clarifying the diagnosis, and drawing up a treatment strategy. The patient will receive complete, reliable information about the disease, an assessment of the expected result, and recommendations for the postoperative period. In case of a change in the patient’s condition, the course of the disease, or other factors, the treatment plan will be adapted to the new needs.
Using modern techniques and equipment, Aesthetical Dental guarantees the safety of all manipulations during the operation. Periodontal surgery is performed under local anesthesia and is not accompanied by discomfort or pain.