According to medical statistics, only 20% of people worldwide can boast that they have completely healthy teeth. Many go to the doctor at the very last moment when the diseased tooth is too late to treat – it has to be removed. Lack of teeth greatly spoils the appearance.
When a person experiences embarrassment and irritation from the absence of a tooth or several teeth, if he is tired of wearing bulky dentures or suffers from old methods of prosthetics, then Aesthetic Dental’s modern method of prosthetics – dental implantation – will be the salvation.
One-stage installation takes place under anesthesia for an hour. The doctor cuts the gum, prepares where the implant with the gum shaper is screwed in, and sutures it. A temporary crown is placed on the artificial root on the same day or a few days later. Permanent crowns are fixed after about 3-6 months.
Two-stage implantation consists of installing an artificial root at the first stage. A bed is founded in the gum with the help of a shaper, an impression is taken, and after 7-10 days, the periosteal part of the collapsible implant is installed – an abutment with a crown. And after 3-6 months, the second stage begins.
An increase in edema may occur in the first three days after the operation. Ten days after the procedure, the initial state of the gum tissue is restored, and the sutures are removed.
During rehabilitation, it is necessary to treat the crowns and observe oral hygiene carefully. It is essential to clean artificial teeth as if they were natural teeth and also to monitor the occurrence of complications.
One of the severe complications is implant rejection (1% within a year after the procedure, 3% after three years, and 5% after ten years). Problems with an implanted implant often occur due to concurrent mucosal inflammation or systemic diseases.
Implantation may also not be suitable for everyone, so go through a preliminary diagnosis and consult a dentist. Only an Aesthetic Dental implantologist can choose the type of implantation because he knows how appropriate this or that treatment method is in a particular clinical case.
Before starting the procedure, the clinic’s doctor should clarify possible health problems, diagnose, and discover potential limitations and contraindications. After that, you can begin the procedure.
An implant is a kind of titanium screw that is placed in the jawbone. Inside the implant is hollow, and there is also a thread. After the implant takes root, it fuses with the bone, the internal plug is unscrewed from it, and an abutment is inserted in its place – the head, which is fixed with a screw. Well, and then a ceramic crown is installed on this head.
Dental implants can be divided into two groups: removable and non-removable. The non-removable design is simple – a ceramic crown is installed on the head of the implant. A removable structure is more complicated – a beam is fixed on the implant, a mount on which the prosthesis snaps into place.
The non-removable design of the implant is not permanently fixed. The doctor may not glue the ceramic crown to the head, but fix it with a small screw. Then the design will be completely collapsible.
The non-removable collapsible design of the dental implant is the most convenient. For any problem with the crown, it will be possible to remove it by unscrewing a small screw and then remove the head by unscrewing another screw. Only the implant itself, which has adhered to the bone tissue, remains rigidly fixed. Usually, every 5-6 years, the entire structure requires a slight correction, which can be quickly done if it is completely collapsible.
Removable structures are usually placed on a completely edentulous jaw. It will be costly if implants with ceramics are made instead of all missing teeth. But you can put four implants, install a beam structure on them, and removable dentures on top – it will be much cheaper.
Also, the bar construction suits those who do not want or cannot install more expensive fixed dentures immediately. In this case, a removable bar structure is an intermediate option. After a while, the patient can return to the surgeon and replace the removable dentures with fixed ones without any problems.
Unlike other prostheses, implants do not cause nausea, are suitable for almost every patient, are comfortable to wear, and are used in various clinical cases.
Implants are made in various shapes and materials, which allows you to choose the design for individual parameters. They are made from hypoallergenic materials and select for they a durable, inert, and biocompatible material. Ceramics, zirconium, and titanium are often used to manufacture implants.
Implants are also divided according to purpose, the type of fixation in the bone, and the type of construction.
A quality implant can be guaranteed for a lifetime because, with proper care, implants serve like natural teeth. The artificial root itself, which is implanted in the gum, is installed for a period of 30 years. The crown can last 3 to 20 years, depending on the type and quality.
The shelf life of the prosthesis is affected by strength and resistance to stress, the type of implant and installation technology, patient health, and proper oral hygiene.
All implants are divided into two large groups: branded and budget. Implants produced by firms with a good long-term reputation are of excellent quality and time-tested. The products of these companies are costly. But now, these firms are inconvenienced because their implants are often counterfeited. Therefore, if the clinic offers you branded implants at a significant discount, you should be wary – there can be severe problems.
Budget implants are much cheaper than branded ones, but their quality is on par. The price of a branded product includes a markup for the brand. Therefore, you can save money by choosing a quality budget option. Remember, health is more expensive, so contacting professionals is better. The main thing is to avoid chasing absolute cheapness.
Each patient is an individual, so the sensations before and after the procedure may differ. In dentistry, effective painkillers are used, and the doctor will prescribe a course of drugs that will ease pain and swelling and protect against infection.
The pain of the procedure depends on the following:
The lower jaw is more comprehensive, and the bone tissue is denser here. The jaw is mobile and permeated with blood vessels and nerves, requiring great care in installation. Thanks to this, the implant takes root faster.
The upper jaw is more porous, often requiring bone grafting to build up atrophied bone. Next to the bone tissue of the upper jaw are the maxillary sinuses, which requires the doctor to be attentive and careful in their work.
Lost teeth can be restored at the end of puberty (after 18 years) and the cessation of growth. As a rule, the doctor will conduct an examination and determine how developed the root system of the teeth is.
Modern implants are made of materials that are not magnetic, which means they are safe for tomography. Do not be afraid that the device will change the location of the implant or its shape. But before the procedure, it is necessary to tell the doctor about the presence of an implant, crown, or prosthesis for the accuracy of the procedure.